Meteorological report for June (Maribor) 


This year, the weather in June was the complete opposite of June 2019. More precipitation and much lower temperatures. Temperatures were similar to those of June 2018. Despite frequent precipitation, the lack of precipitation continued compared to the long-term average. Due to the lack of precipitation, summer droughts are still relevant, especially in areas where sandy soils predominate.
The difference between the highest (27 th and 28 th June) and the lowest (11th June) measured temperature in the month was 21.7 °C, which is slightly less than the measured difference in May 2020 and June 2019, when it was about 23 °C. Throughout the month, it was happening that temperatures were rising rapidly and also falling rapidly. Such changes cause problems to plants,especially fruit vegetables (tomatoes, peppers, eggplant), which has also been seen in the garden.
The average monthly temperature was lower than the average of the period from 1981 to 2010, it was 18.82 °C and it was 0.18 °C lower than the long-term average. The long-term average for June is 19.0 °C in Maribor. In June 2019, the temperature was 3.41 °C higher than the long-term average, and in June 2018 it was 0.87 °C higher. We can see that this June really deviated in temperature, which was noticeable especially in plant growth. Such weather was in June twenty years ago, and in the last ten years we have been accustomed to a hotter June.
 In June, the daily average temperature was fourteen times above the long-term average (19.0 °C). The maximum temperature was twenty-five days above 20 °C, seventeen days above 25 °C and four days above 30 °C. Given the maximum temperatures, it would be difficult to say that the temperatures were below average, but this is exactly what happened due to the temperature fluctuations. At the end of the month, we also experienced one mild heat wave (temperatures above 30 °C), which lasted exactly three days, as a condition for talking about a heat wave. 
The lowest temperature in June was 9.8 °C and the highest temperature was 31.5 °C, which is less than last year, when we recorded the highest temperature of 35.8 °C. In the first six months, the average temperature was 0.92 °C higher than the long-term average, which is less than last year, when it was higher by 1.14 °C and more than in 2018, when it was higher by 0.69 °C. The warming of the atmosphere continues.
 According to ARSO the measurement method, which is official for the whole of Europe (measurements at 7, 14 and 21 hours), was 0.55 °C higher, in 2019 by 0.87 °C, and in 2018 by 0.50 °C. 

Precipitation data show that there was less precipitation again. Many people will raise their eyebrows at this statement, as we had the feeling that all the time it was just raining. There were as many as 16 rainy days. The data reveals that there was often only short-term rain. Old people would say, just enough for rust to form on plants.

 The measuring device detected 85.2 mm of precipitation, which is less than the long-term average (107 mm of precipitation), last year 73.6 mm of precipitation fell. In the first six months, was 115.8 mm less precipitation fell than the long-term average, and last year at the same time was 21.8 mm more precipitation fell than the long-term average. This year, just under 70 % of precipitation fell compared to the long-term average. 


The average relative humidity in June was 73.10 %, which is 7 % more than in May. As a result, more precipitation fell than the month before. However, the humidity fluctuated a lot, which is not unusual, considering the temperature fluctuations throughout the month. 


Presentation of the topics of the international project at the information day for the program nature conservation technician 

This year, at the information days, the students showed the visitors a part of what they are learning and doing within the nature conservation techniques program. At the same time, they presented the topics they are working on in the international project Let it rain! A Solar Powered Irrigation System Built by Students. Thus, they presented water experiments and an experiment in which they showed visitors how important is soil type for water retention during drought.
Luka K., Martin, Lučka and Lan presented the differences between clay and sandy soils and substrate from the store in terms of water absorption and permeability, as it is very important how much water the soil can retain, as this water is a valuable reserve for plants in case drought.  
Rok and Luka P. experimentally showed where all the water is and how much it is. In the end, we were able to see how little drinking water we still have available on Earth. We cannot irrigate with polluted water.
Luka K., Martin and Lan presented an experiment in which they showed that we also use electronic devices in our analyzes. Using an oximeter and a Vernier, they presented how we measure oxygen in running water.
At the end, the students prepared a presentation on what virtual water is. Visitors had to figure out how much water is needed to grow and process agricultural produce. The task proved to be very demanding. At the presentation of the results, however, we could hear sighs of astonishment. Visitors could not believe how much water is used to make a cup of tea or coffee, for one egg, for 1 kg of beef, one cotton T-shirt, etc.
Thanks to Zala, Lučka, Luka K, Luka P., Martin, Lana, Rok and prof. Natalija Horvat for help in carrying out the information day. 

Meteorological report for May (Maribor) 

This year, the weather picture in May was the complete opposite of last May. Much less precipitation and also higher temperatures. Precipitation was 100 liters per square meter less than in May 2019. The lack of precipitation continued compared to the long-term average. There is practically no water supply, so nothing good is promised for the summer, especially if heat waves occur.
The difference between the highest (9 th May) and the lowest (6 th May) measured temperature in the month was 23.1 °C, which is slightly less than the measured difference in May 2019, when it was 24.2 °C and slightly more than in May 2018, when it was 20.5 °C. The fact that a very rapid temperature change took place will be striking, as we recorded the highest and lowest temperatures of the month in three days. Such changes cause problems to plants,especially fruit vegetables (tomatoes, peppers, eggplant).
The average monthly temperature was lower than the average of the period from 1981 to 2010, it was 14.78 °C and it was 1.02 °C lower than the long-term average. The long-term average for May is 15.8 °C in Maribor. In May 2019, the temperature was 3.04 °C lower than the long-term average, and in May 2018 it was 1.87 °C higher.
In May, the daily average temperature was ten times above the long-term average (15.8 °C). The maximum temperature was nineteen days above 20 °C, four days above 25 °C. The lowest temperature in May was 4.6 °C and the highest temperature was 27.7 °C, which is slightly higher than last year. In the first five months, the average temperature was 1.14 °C higher than the long-term average, which is much more than last year, when it was higher by 0.69 °C. The warming of the atmosphere therefore continues.
 According to ARSO, the measurement method, which is official for the whole of Europe (measurements at 7, 14 and 21 hours), was 0.73 °C higher, last year in this period by 0.43 °C. 

Precipitation data show that there was less precipitation again. Last year, twice as much precipitation fell in May as the long-term average. This year, just under two-thirds of the precipitation fell, even though there were 14 rainy days. The measuring device detected 57.6 mm of precipitation, which is less than the long-term average (83 mm precipitation), last year as much as 158.4 mm of precipitation fell. In the first five months, was 94 mm less precipitation fell than the long-term average, and last year at the same time was 55.2 mm more precipitation fell than the long-term average. This year, almost 150 liters of precipitation per square meter less fell than last year. 

The average relative humidity in May was 66.40 %, which is 10 % more than in April. Given the higher humidity, we would expect more precipitation, but in reality only 2 mm more precipitation fell. 

We learned about solar energy 

Picture: Klara Čretnik

Solar energy is an inexhaustible source of energy. The solar energy that reaches the earth's surface is 15,000 times greater than the total energy consumption of mankind.
 One of the important topics of the project is also the use of solar energy. In the subject of sustainable development, we learned with the students of the first year of the programs of agricultural technicians and nature conservation technicians about the increasingly important renewable energy source in the world. In Slovenia, the situation regarding the use of solar energy is worse, but it is improving. Data on the situation show that the share of electricity produced from solar power plants in Slovenia is 1.7% in 2018.
However, the number of family power plants up to 11 kW has been increasing in recent years.
 For an introduction, we watched short films about self-sufficiency in electricity, about a solar power plant and solar collectors.
 
Film: Solar Panels For Home Review.
 
We briefly learned about ways to harness solar energy in buildings. They learned about the passive and active way of harnessing solar energy. 

1. Passive use of solar energy

 Thick wall insulation on both sides, lighting and ventilation of rooms, as many windows as possible, greenhouses, conservatory.
 
2. Active use of solar energy

 Active use of solar energy means use with the help of solar collectors. We mostly use flat collectors and vauukum collectors.In solar collectors, water is heated - to prepare hot water, air - to heat the premises (a lot of collectors are needed). 

3. Photovoltaics

 Photovoltaics is the technology of converting solar energy directly into electricity. The conversion process takes place via solar cells, which are most often made of silicon, as they have the highest efficiency (15-25%). Solar cells are connected in solar modules, which can be independent (obtaining electricity for the home) or connected to the grid (solar power plants).
 
 We learned where we can use all the electricity produced by photovoltaics:
 
 • supply of remote settlements, buildings,
 • supply of remote devices (lighthouses, satellites),
 • transmission to the electricity network,
 • use in products such as e.g. computers, clocks, calculators, electronic scales,
 • garden lamps, fountains, street lamps,
 • traffic signals, battery charging,
 • water purification, irrigation of plantations,… 

Finally, they learned about the advantages and disadvantages of using solar energy.
 

The advantages of solar energy are:

 • is a renewable energy source,
 • electricity production does not pollute the environment (less CO2, reduces the greenhouse effect, is quiet and visually undisturbed),
 • energy production and consumption are in the same place (lower energy transmission losses),
 • photovoltaics enables the supply of electricity to remote areas and remote devices,
 • solar cells can replace batteries,
 • low maintenance costs.
 
 The disadvantages of solar energy are:
 

 • fluctuations in production due to different solar radiation of individual locations,
 • the price of electricity is much more expensive,
 • high initial investment,
 • solar cell recycling,
 • If a fire occurs, toxic gases are formed. 

Meteorological report for April (Maribor) 

You could say nothing new. Temperatures again above the long-term average, but this was not an obstacle to not experiencing frost again. Organic apple varieties suffered the most damage. Topaz and Opal, which are earlier varieties - about 90% of the damage. In the intensive orchard, Idared suffered the greatest damage - up to 95% of the damage, while the Gala, Jonagold and Zlati delišes varieties suffered around 50% of the damage or crop failure. Plantations with old apple varieties were not affected at all.
Precipitation was also slightly lower this month than the long-term average. Interestingly, this was also happening in 2018, while last year the weather was within the long-term average.
 The difference between the highest (17th April) and the lowest (2nd April) measured temperature in the month was as high as 31 °C, which is less than the measured difference in April 2019, when it was 27.7 °C and in April 2018, when it was 28.8 °C.
The average monthly temperature was higher than the average of the period from 1981 to 2010, it was 12.17 °C and was 1.37 °C higher than the long-term average. The long-term average for April is 10.8 °C in Maribor. By comparison, in April 2019 the average temperature was 11.41 °C, and in April 2018 it was as high as 15.14 °C. The data show that the temperature is constantly too high, so it is not surprising that there is frost. The trees bloom earlier, followed by 2 to 3 days with low night temperatures and damage is inevitable. The solution is anti-frost spraying, but the cost of installation is very high. This system can then also be used for irrigation in the summer.
However, there were consistently high differences between night and day temperatures, ranging from 8.9 °C (20th April) to 22.5 °C (16th April). The biggest difference happened in a very short time (in 4 days).
In April, the daily average temperature was eleven times below the average of the period from 1981 to 2010 (10.8 °C). The maximum temperature was only one day below 10 °C, and on the other hand it was above 20 °C for sixteen days, three days even above 25 °C. The minimum temperature was four days below the freezing point. The lowest temperature in April was - 4.8 °C, and the highest temperature was 26.2 °C. In 2018 and 2019, the nights were on average slightly warmer (0 °C and 2.2 °C) and the daytime temperatures were similar. 
In the first four months, the average temperature was 1.68 °C higher than the long-term average (measurements every 30 minutes), which is slightly more than last year at the same time (1.62 °C) and 0.11 °C lower than in March 2020. According to the ARSO measurement method, which is official for the whole of Europe (measurements at 7, 14 and 21 hours) was 1.25 °C higher, last year the average temperature at that time was 1.36 °C higher than the long-term average. However, the average temperature decreased compared to March 2020, when it was 1.47 °C higher. 

Precipitation data show that April was above the average with precipitation compared to the first three months, but unfortunately there was still less precipitation than the long-term average. The measuring device detected 55.2 mm of precipitation, which is slightly less than the long-term average (60 mm precipitation). There were only four real rainy days. The lack of precipitation has been occurring for all four months of this year. So far, only 63.9% of the long-term average precipitation has fallen (68.6 mm less). This deficit is already known, and in the summer months it will only intensify if there is no heavy precipitation. 

The average relative humidity in April was 55.84%, which is a very low value for April. In 2018, it amounted to 62%, and in 2019 to 70%. However, the difference was quite large, from 39% to over 80%.  

 

Greetings from Maribor

Wir sind jetzt echt im einigen ganz andern Zeiten. Vorher haben wir uns immer gewünscht, das wir keine Schule haben, das wir immer zu hausen werden und das wir einfach frei sind. Jetzt kann mal sehen, das das nicht so einfach ist, wir brauchen echte Kontakte und nicht diese über dem Handy oder Computer. Aber wen es so sein muss und wird dann alles besser und normal, dann überleben wir das.  Nach der Epidemie glaube ich, dass wir mehr auf dem physischen kontakt geben, und lasen die Geräte schlafen.  Es ist nicht einfach, aber zusammen können wir das durch geben und dann sehen wir uns, hier ins Slowenien, es wird toll, das verspreche ich euch, sie merken sich dieses Ort für immer, das garantiere ich euch.
Seid alle gesund, passt auf euch, macht schön die Schule weiter, ich habe gehört das die langsam los geht’s und dann sehen wir uns im kurzen Zeit. Dazu lade ich noch ein slowenisches Song, für Motivation.

https://youtu.be/r7gFNaGYEs8

Ivan

The picture was drawn by Klara.

We are all going through tough times right now but we believe that together we can make it and successfully defeat the virus. We wish everyone luck, health and patience through this stressful situation. Stay safe.

Lilijana, Biljana

I send you nice greetings from Slovenia. We wish you to remain happy and full of hope for better times. Above all, stay healthy.

Tadej

You will never have so much free time again. :)

Mojca

 

 

Meteorological report for March

March was very turbulent in terms of temperatures. Temperatures went up and down and up again, which was happening throughout the month. Interestingly, this was also happening in 2019 and partly in 2018. We even had a snow day.
The difference between the highest (12th March) and the lowest (16th March) measured temperature in the month was 26.5 °C, which is much less than the measured difference in March 2018, when it was as high as 36.1 °C. However, this difference happened in four days this year. Which is really fast.
The average monthly temperature was higher than the average of the period from 1981 to 2010, it was 7.04 °C, and it was 1.04 °C higher than the long-term average. The long-term average for March is 6 °C in Maribor. By comparison, in March 2018 the average temperature was 3.35 °C and in March 2019 it was as high as 8.59 °C. Compared to recent years, March will hardly surprise us with anything. In recent years, we have experienced a below-average March, a fairly normal March, and an above-average March.
There were also great differences between night and day temperatures, ranging from 2.5 °C (26th March) to 20.8 °C (17th March). The data obtained show that the changes were very fast.
In March, the daily average temperature was twelve times below the average of the period from 1981 to 2010 (6 °C). The maximum temperature was eight days below 10 °C, two days even below 3 °C, and five days above 20 °C. The minimum temperature was twelve days below the freezing point. 
The lowest temperature in March was - 4,5 °C and the highest temperature was 22 °C (same as in 2019).
 In the first three months, the average temperature was 1.79 °C higher than the long-term average (measurements every 30 minutes). According to the ARSO measurement method, which is official for the whole of Europe (measurements at 7, 14 and 21 hours), was 1.47 °C higher.

Precipitation data show that March was below the average with precipitation, as less precipitation fell than the long-standing average. The measuring device detected 30.6 mm of precipitation, which is almost half less than the long-term average (57 mm precipitation). It is interesting that the device detected the rain quite a few times, but the real precipitation days were only three. Precipitation has been occurring for all three months of this year. 

The average relative humidity in March was 65.62 %, which is not surprising given the smaller amount of precipitation. However, the difference was quite large, from just under 42 % to over 88 %.

 

Meteorological report for February 

You could say, nothing new. As January ended, February continued, with above average temperatures and relatively low precipitation. February was a copy of last year. The only difference was that this year was even warmer. I can say it was a real spring month. Only the mornings, which were a bit colder, reminded us of the winter month. We did, however, welcome another snow day. “Amazingly”, we had two real snow days throughout the winter.
The difference between the highest (1st February) and the lowest (8th February) measured temperature in the month was 23.4 °C. Last year the difference was as high as 31 °C. From this, we can see that last year we had cold nights and mornings and high daily temperatures. This year, though, the nights were warmer.
The average monthly temperature was significantly higher than the average of the period from 1981 to 2010, it was 5.82 °C and it was 4.12 °C higher than the long-term average. By comparison, in February 2018 the average temperature was - 1.41 °C and in February 2019 it was 4.7 °C. The long-term average for February is 1.7 °C in Maribor.
 In February, the average temperature was never below the freezing point (0 °C), the same applies to the maximum temperature. The minimum temperature was fifteen times above the freezing point and in year 2019 nine times.
 The difference in average temperature between the coldest (7th February) and the warmest (1st February) day was 9.05 °C.
In February, the average temperature was only twice below the long-term average (1.7 °C). The maximum temperature was twenty-three days above 10 °C, seven days above 15 °C. The minimum daily temperature was 6.7 °C, which is still a fairly high temperature for the winter month.
 The lowest temperature in February was - 5,5 °C and the highest temperature was 17,9 °C. Compared to February 2018, the minimum temperature was - 20,2 °C, the highest was 11,58 °C, in February 2019 the minimum temperature was only - 8 °C and the highest was as high as 23 °C. 

Precipitation data show that the trend of falling precipitation is still continuing. It was slightly better than in January, but still less than long-term average. Snowfall has only been experienced once, therefore drought is expected in March, especially in cereals (barley, wheat). In many fields, cereals have already turned yellow, which is due to high temperatures and lack of precipitation.
 In February there was less precipitation than a long-term average. The measuring device detected that there was 31 mm of precipitation, slightly less than the long-term average (38 mm of precipitation). Most of the precipitation fell within a day (26 February - 22.6 mm). In February 2018, dropped 78.6 mm of precipitation and 106.8 cm of snow, and in February 2019, dropped only 16.2 mm of precipitation.

The average relative humidity in February was 66.10 %, which is much less than in January (84.55 %) and similar to February 2019. In February 2018 it was as high as 86.42 %. 

Meteorological report for January 

January is the central month of the meteorological winter and usually the coldest month of the year, which is not the case in recent years when temperatures are above average. This year showed that January will be below average with an average temperature of - 0.59 °C (first 27 days). But the last four days have been above average. The average temperature at this time was 4.74 °C, which is more typical of the month of March.
The difference between the highest (28th January) and the lowest (7th - 24th January) measured temperature in the month was 21.2 °C. Historically, these are large temperature differences, but unfortunately in recent years such a difference is quite normal.
The average monthly temperature was slightly higher than the average of the period from 1981 to 2010, it was 0.10 °C and it was 0.20 °C higher than the long-term average. The long-term average for January is - 0.1 °C in Maribor. For comparison, in January 2018 the average temperature was 2.87 °C.
 The difference in average temperature between the coldest (22nd January) and the warmest (31st January) day was 12.56 °C
In January, the average temperature was fifteen times below the long-term average (-0.1 °C). The maximum temperature was six days above 10 °C and only four days below 0 °C. The lowest temperature in January was - 8.1 °C and the highest temperature was 13.1 °C, which is similar to 2019. It is worrying that in January there are more days with temperature above 10 °C and fewer days with temperature below 0 °C. At least the mornings were cold. 

Precipitation data show that there was extremely little of precipitation in January. The problem is that there was no snowfall. Snow represents the water supply for the spring months. We recorded only one snow day. The measuring device detected 4.6 mm of precipitation, which is less as long as the long-term average (35 mm of precipitation). This has been the month with the least precipitation in the last two years. There were five rainy days. In January 2018, fell 44.4 mm of precipitation and in January 2019, fell 28.8 mm of precipitation. 

The average relative humidity in January was 84.55%, which is less than in January 2018 (85.28 %) and more than in January 2019 (77.21 %). Given the very low of precipitation, this is quite a surprise. In January there was a significant fluctuation in air humidity, with only 56 % to 97 %. 

How do we analyze water samples?


For a successful irrigation system it’s important that we have good quality water. The water shouldn’t contain any chemicals that could affect the plants. The pH is very important as well because the waters condition shouldn’t be too hard. 
Because of all these reasons we decided that we present how different water analyses are taken to students from the primary school Miklavž na Dravskem polju and the primary school France Prešern Maribor on their tehnical day. We presented them simple measurements  that you can also do at home and some harder and more complicated ones for which we need special meters.
The water analysis presented students from the program nature conservation technician. 
Zala and Luka presented which water analysis we perform, how to find out that the waters condition is hard and which pH value has the water especially if it’s contaminated. They showed which analyzes we can peroform with a special case for analyzing water and the ground. They also invited the other students to help them peroform the analyzes for the water conditions and pH value. They took the work very exact and that’s the most important part. 
The basic water analyzes that were shown by the students can be used at home to check the waters quality for irrigation. 
Mihael, Ali and Luka demonstrated how with the help of an electronic meter (Vernier) the amount of nitrogen can be measured. 

We presented the exchange in Hamburg

On the 19th of December, me and my classmate Lilijana presented our project Let it rain! A Solar Powered Irrigation System Built by Students. Our purpose was to present our week in Germany and to briefly present the meaning of the whole project. We showed photos through a presentation and told all the funny and interesting things that happened to us. We hope that classmates liked our presentation and that we inspired someone for the project.
All of us, who participated in the exchange can agree, that we would love to turn back time, if we could and relive the entire week, because we met so many new people and really banded with each other.
We also fell in love with Hamburg and would love to visit it again.
Biljana Milčev 

On the 19th of December, me and my classmate Lilijana presented our project Let it rain! A Solar Powered Irrigation System Built by Students. Our purpose was to present our week in Germany and to briefly present the meaning of the whole project. We showed photos through a presentation and told all the funny and interesting things that happened to us. We hope that classmates liked our presentation and that we inspired someone for the project. 
All of us, who participated in the exchange can agree, that we would love to turn back time, if we could and relive the entire week, because we met so many new people and really banded with each other. 
We also fell in love with Hamburg and would love to visit it again.

Biljana Milčev 

Meteorological report for December (Maribor) 

Very high temperatures continued in December. December also experienced heavy rainfall, unfortunately not the snow that would be normal for this time. We only had one snow day in December. However, temperatures varied greatly throughout the month. Compared to December last year, temperatures were much higher this year (on average of more than 2 °C), there was also more rainfall this year.
The difference between the highest (17 th December) and the lowest (30th December) measured temperatures in the month was as high as 27.6 °C, which is happening more and more often. Last year, the difference was 26.4 °C.
The average monthly temperature was higher than the average of the period from 1981 to 2010, it was 3.33 °C and was 2.53 °C higher than the average for the long period. 
The long-term average for December is 0.8 °C in Maribor. The average temperature was fluctuated throughout the month. The difference between the average temperature of the coldest (29th December) and the warmest (18th December) day was as high as 15.09 °C. The differences between night and day temperatures ranging from 1.9 °C (5th December) to 14.3 °C (31st December).
 In December, the average temperature was ten times below the long-term average of the period from (0.8 °C). The maximum temperature was only nine days below 5 °C and twelve days above 10 °C. The lowest temperature in December was - 8.1 °C and the highest temperature was 19.5 °C. In 2018, it was colder, especially in mid-December, when temperatures were between - 7 and - 10 °C.
In 2019, the average temperature was 1.41 °C higher than the long-term average (temperature measurement every 30 minutes). According to the ARSO measurement method, which is official for the whole of Europe (measurements at 7, 14 and 21 hours), by 1.14 °C. 

Precipitation data show that there was very heavy rainfall in December. The measuring device detected 90.4 mm of precipitation, which was one third more than as long as the long-term average (61 mm of precipitation). As compared to December 2018, there were eight times more precipitation (11.6 mm last year).
 In 2019, 46 mm more precipitation fell than the long-term average (893 mm). 939 mm of precipitation fell. In comparison, in year 2018, 154.4 mm less precipitation fell during this time. 

The average relative humidity in December was 80.88 %, which is 9.6 % less than in November and is slightly less than in 2018 (81.98 %). Given more precipitation, this was surprise, that the humidity was so low. 

 

Meteorological report for November (Maribor) 

There were very high temperatures and heavy rainfall in November. However, temperatures varied greatly throughout the month. Compared to November last year, temperatures were higher this year (on average by 1 °C), there was also more rainfall this year.
 The difference between the highest (3th November) and the lowest (30th November) measured temperatures in the month was as high as 21.7 °C, which often happens in November. Last year, the difference was even 28.2 °C.
The average monthly temperature was higher than the average of the period from 1981 to 2010, it was 7.82 °C and was 2.72 °C higher than the average for the long period.
The long-term average for November is 5.1 °C in Maribor. The average temperature was fluctuated throughout the month. The difference between the average temperature of the coldest (30th November) and the warmest (3th November) day was as high as 10.78 °C. There were also great differences between night and day temperatures, ranging from 1.3 °C (12th November) to 11.8 °C (30th November).
 In November, the daily average temperature was only three times below the average of the period from 1981 to 2010 (5.1 °C). The maximum temperature was twelve days below 10 °C, sixteen days between 10 and 15 °C and two days above 15 °C. The lowest temperature in November was -1.9 °C and the highest temperature was 19.8 °C. In 2018, the last week of November was colder than this year (up to -7.3 °C).
 In the first eleven months, the average temperature was 1.3 °C higher than the long-term average. According to the ARSO measurement method, which is official for the whole of Europe (measurements at 7, 14 and 21 hours) was 1 °C higher. 

 


Precipitation data show that there was very heavy rainfall in November. The measuring device detected 115.2 mm of precipitation, which is almost half as long as the long-term average (69 mm of precipitation). As compared to November 2018, 55.8 mm more precipitation (almost half more) fell.
 In the first eleven months, 16.6 mm more precipitation fell than the long-term average. In the first eleven months, fell 95.02 % of the long-term average precipitation. In comparison, last year, 75.6 mm less precipitation fell during this time. 

The average relative humidity in November was 90.48 %, which is higher 9.28 % than in October and is slightly higher than in 2018 (89.05 %). Given more precipitation, this was expected.
 It has been the wettest month in the last two years, and it is in fourth place in terms of precipitation. 

Events in Hamburg

Our week in Hamburg was amazing. We arrived on Sunday (17.11.2019) and got a loving welcome from our exchange students at the airport. Their families have kindly welcomed us in their homes, where we were staying for the week. The activities during the week were very interesting and amusing. We got to know one another better through them. There was always happening something. We really liked the Selfie Rallye and the Dialogue in the dark where we could learn more about the beautiful city and the way blind people live. We learned a lot of new things about ourselves, the different themes that we talked about like solar panels, about the city Hamburg and much more. The best part of the exchange was that we really got to connect with each other and that we met so many new people with which we became good friends. We also got to see the daily school routine from a German student which is quite different than ours. After one week together we had to say goodbye which was very hard. But not for long because we already can’t wait for them to come to Maribor and learn more about our city. We all agree that we would be more than happy to repeat the great week that we had in Hamburg. We are very thankful for the experience and would like to thank everyone that was included in the project, especially the families that were letting us stay in their homes. We can’t wait to see you again! 


We are exploring downtown.

Hamburg, we're coming.

I haven't done that before.

Why is it not spinning ????

So let's see what the view of Hamburg looks like.

Wonderful!!!!!

With Selfie Relly we get to know Hamburg.

We enjoyed the DOM amusement park.

We were skating. But we didn't slip.

We are excited about the product.

Last dinner. Made by students.

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Meteorological report for October (Maribor) 

October provided us with high temperatures for this time of year. However, temperatures varied greatly throughout the month. Compared to October 2018, temperatures were slightly lower and rainfall was also lower.
The difference between the highest (21th October) and the lowest (8th October) measured temperature in the month was as high as 24 °C.
 The average monthly temperature was higher than the average of the period from 1981 to 2010, it was 12.41 °C and was 1.71 °C higher than the long-term average. The long-term average for October is 10.7 °C in Maribor. The average temperature fluctuated throughout the month. The difference between the average temperature of the coldest (30th October) and the warmest (1th October) day was as high as 11.72 °C. The differences between night and day temperatures also varied greatly, ranging from 2.4 °C (29th October) to 19 °C (21th October). The data show that the changes were very fast.
 In October, the daily average temperature was only eight times below the average of the period from 1981 to 2010 (10.7 °C). The maximum temperature was thirteen days below 20 °C, four days below 10 °C, eighteen days above 20 °C, two days above 25 °C. The lowest temperature in October was 3.6 °C and the highest temperature was 27.6 °C. In the first ten months, the average temperature was 1.16 °C higher than the long-term average. According to the ARSO measurement method, which is official for the whole of Europe (measurements at 7, 14 and 21 hours) was 0.83 °C higher. 

 


Precipitation data show that October was very dry. The measuring device detected only 35.6 mm of precipitation, which is actually just under half of the long-term average (78 mm of precipitation). As compared to October 2018, there was 15.4 mm less precipitation. In the first ten months, 29.6 mm less precipitation fell than the long-term average. In the first ten months, fell 82.12 % of the long-term average precipitation. In comparison, last year, 19.8 mm less precipitation fell during this time. 

The average relative humidity in October was 81.20 %, which is slightly higher (1.7 %) than in September and slightly higher than in 2018 (80.53 percent). Given less precipitation, this is a small surprise. 

Meteorological report for September (Maribor) 

September provided us with slightly higher temperatures than our long-term average. For three consecutive months, frequent rainfall withstood the high temperatures. Compared to September last year, temperatures were lower and rainfall was much higher this year.
The difference between the highest (1th September) and the lowest (22th September) measured temperature in the month was as high as 27.3 °C.
The average monthly temperature was higher than the average of the period from 1981 to 2010, it was 16.36 °C, and was 0.76 °C higher than the long-term average. The long-term average for September is 15.6 °C in Maribor. The average temperature fluctuated throughout the month. The difference between the average temperature of the coldest (20th September) and the warmest (1st September) day was as high as 12.73 °C. There were also great differences between night and day temperatures, ranging from 3.3 °C (6 th September) to 17.7 °C (22th September). The data obtained show that the changes were very fast.
In September, the daily average temperature was thirteen times below the average of the period from 1981 to 2010 (15.6 °C). The maximum temperature was nine days below 20 °C, nine days above 25 °C, one day above 30 °C. The lowest temperature in September was 4 °C and the highest temperature was 31,3 °C. In the first nine months, the average temperature was 1.10 °C higher than the long-term average. According to the ARSO measurement method, which is official for the whole of Europe (measurements at 7, 14 and 21 hours), was 0.78 °C higher. 

 


Precipitation data show that in September one-third more precipitation than in August. The long-term average precipitation dropped in September. The measuring device detected that 99.8 mm of precipitation, which is actually equal the long-term average (99 mm of precipitation). As compared to September 2018, 52.6 mm more precipitation fell. In the first nine months, 12.8 mm more precipitation fell than the long-term average. In the first nine months, fell 78.14 % of the long-term average precipitation. In comparison, last year, 35.2 mm less precipitation fell during this time. 

The average relative humidity in September was 79.54 %, which is higher 4.1 % than in August and more than in September 2018 (76.6 %). Given much more precipitation, this was expected.